Orfeu Buxton

Professor of Biobehavioral Health

Orfeu Buxton

Research Summary

The causes of chronic sleep deficiency in the workplace, home, and society; the health consequences of chronic sleep deficiency, especially cardiometabolic outcomes, and the physiologic and social mechanisms by which these outcomes arise. Successful aging is a central focus of this work. Ongoing interdisciplinary human studies involve sleep loss, aging, and insomnia, as well as health disparities.

Huck Affiliations


Publication Tags

Sleep Hypertension Health Actigraphy Brain Obesity Young Adult Workplace Health Promotion Noise Cardiovascular Diseases Population Glucose Exercise Hydrocortisone Insulin Resistance Guidelines Leptin Osteogenesis Cross Sectional Study Adolescent Fatigue Wrist Diabetes Chronic Illness

Most Recent Papers

Do procrastinators get worse sleep? Cross-sectional study of US adolescents and young adults

Xiaoyu Li, Orfeu M. Buxton, Yongjoo Kim, Sebastien Haneuse, Ichiro Kawachi, 2020, SSM - Population Health

Ethnoracial sleep disparities among college students living in dormitories in the United States: a nationally representative study

Rodney Jones*, Braxton Jackson, Alana Mazzei◆, Anne-Marie Chang, Orfeu Buxton, Chandra Jackson, 2020, on p. 40-47

Facets of Personality Related to Sleep Habits in Black Adults

Alyssa Gamaldo, Angela Sardina, Angelina Sutin, Tiana Cruz, Rachel Marie Salas, Charlene Gamaldo, Orfeu Buxton, Ross Andel, 2020, Sleep Health on p. 232-239

Rapid suppression of bone formation marker in response to sleep restriction and circadian disruption in men

C. M. Swanson, W. M. Kohrt, P. Wolfe, K. P. Wright, S. A. Shea, S. W. Cain, M. Munch, N. Vujović, C. A. Czeisler, E. S. Orwoll, O. M. Buxton, 2019, Osteoporosis International on p. 2485-2493

Bidirectional, Daily Temporal Associations between Sleep and Physical Activity in Adolescents

Lindsay Master, Russell T. Nye, Soomi Lee, Nicole G. Nahmod, Sara Mariani, Lauren Hale, Orfeu M. Buxton, 2019, Scientific reports on p. 1-14

Chronotype genetic variant in PER2 is associated with intrinsic circadian period in humans

Anne Marie Chang, Jeanne F. Duffy, Orfeu M. Buxton, Jacqueline M. Lane, Daniel Aeschbach, Clare Anderson, Andrew C. Bjonnes, Sean W. Cain, Daniel A. Cohen, Timothy M. Frayling, Joshua J. Gooley, Samuel E. Jones, Elizabeth B. Klerman, Steven W. Lockley, Mirjam Munch, Shantha M.W. Rajaratnam, Melanie Rueger, Martin K. Rutter, Nayantara Santhi, Karine Scheuermaier, Eliza Van Reen, Michael N. Weedon, Charles A. Czeisler, Frank A.J.L. Scheer, Richa Saxena, 2019, Scientific reports on p. 1-10

Tonight's Sleep Predicts Tomorrow's Fatigue

Nicole Depasquale, Tori Crain, Orfeu M. Buxton, Steven H. Zarit, David M. Almeida, Rachel Pruchno, 2019, Gerontologist on p. 1065-1077

A longitudinal study of sleep-wake patterns during early infancy using proposed scoring guidelines for actigraphy

Elizabeth L. Adams, Lindsay Master, Orfeu M. Buxton, Jennifer S. Savage, 2019, Sleep Medicine on p. 98-105

Employee Sleep and Workplace Health Promotion

Rebecca Robbins, Chandra L. Jackson, Phoenix Underwood, Dorice Vieira, Giradin Jean-Louis, Orfeu M. Buxton, 2019, American Journal of Health Promotion on p. 1009-1019

Sleep myths

Rebecca Robbins, Michael A. Grandner, Orfeu M. Buxton, Lauren Hale, Daniel J. Buysse, Kristen L. Knutson, Sanjay R. Patel, Wendy M. Troxel, Shawn D. Youngstedt, Charles A. Czeisler, Girardin Jean-Louis, 2019, Sleep health on p. 409-417

Most-Cited Papers

Short and long sleep are positively associated with obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease among adults in the United States

Orfeu M. Buxton, Enrico Marcelli, 2010, Social Science and Medicine on p. 1027-1036

Adverse metabolic consequences in humans of prolonged sleep restriction combined with circadian disruption

Orfeu M. Buxton, Sean W. Cain, Shawn P. O'Connor, James H. Porter, Jeanne F. Duffy, Wei Wang, Charles A. Czeisler, Steven A. Shea, 2012, Science Translational Medicine

Sleep restriction for 1 week reduces insulin sensitivity in healthy men

Orfeu M. Buxton, Milena Pavlova, Emily W. Reid, Wei Wang, Donald C. Simonson, Gail K. Adler, 2010, Diabetes on p. 2126-2133

Measuring sleep

Miguel Marino, Yi Li, Michael N. Rueschman, J. W. Winkelman, J. M. Ellenbogen, J. M. Solet, Hilary Dulin, Lisa F. Berkman, Orfeu M. Buxton, 2013, Sleep on p. 1747-1755

Impact of acute sleep restriction on cortisol and leptin levels in young women

Antonina Omisade, Orfeu M. Buxton, Benjamin Rusak, 2010, Physiology and Behavior on p. 651-656

Endogenous circadian system and circadian misalignment impact glucose tolerance via separate mechanisms in humans

Christopher J. Morris, Jessica N. Yang, Joanna I. Garcia, Samantha Myers, Isadora Bozzi, Wei Wang, Orfeu M. Buxton, Steven A. Shea, Frank A.J.L. Scheer, 2015, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America on p. E2225-E2234

Spontaneous brain rhythms predict sleep stability in the face of noise

Thien Thanh Dang-Vu, Scott M. McKinney, Orfeu M. Buxton, Jo M. Solet, Jeffrey M. Ellenbogen, 2010, Current Biology

Sleep disruption due to hospital noises

Orfeu M. Buxton, Jeffrey M. Ellenbogen, Wei Wang, Andy Carballeira, Shawn O'Connor, Dan Cooper, Ankit J. Gordhandas, Scott M. McKinney, Jo M. Solet, 2012, Annals of Internal Medicine on p. 170-179

Managers' Practices Related to Work-Family Balance Predict Employee Cardiovascular Risk and Sleep Duration in Extended Care Settings

Lisa F. Berkman, Orfeu Buxton, Karen Ertel, Cassandra Okechukwu, 2010, Journal of occupational health psychology on p. 316-329

Extreme sleep durations and increased C-reactive protein

Michael A. Grandner, Orfeu M. Buxton, Nicholas Jackson, Megan Sands-Lincoln, Abhishek Pandey, Girardin Jean-Louis, 2013, Sleep on p. 769-779

News Articles Featuring Orfeu Buxton

Our sleep is linked to how we process coronavirus dread

Zyma Islam noticed her sleep began to change soon after the lockdown began. Islam is in Dhaka, Bangladesh, which has been under a strict lockdown for over three weeks. All forms of public transport are suspended. That means scores of daily wage earners—domestic helpers, rickshaw pullers, construction workers, and garment workers—have lost wages, and are now battling hunger.

You Can Generate Happiness By Visiting These Natural Destinations

Heartbroken and depressed, my immune system took a dive. Then my doctor gave me a surprise suggestion.

Sleepy and Hungry? Short Sleep May Contribute to Weight Gain

Not getting enough sleep, or getting low-quality sleep, leaves most people feeling poorly the next day. It’s common knowledge that a good night’s sleep is important for maintaining mental focus, peak athletic performance, and emotional resilience. But the effects of sleep, or the lack thereof, reach beyond cognition.

Just four nights of bad sleep can make you gain weight, study claims

Just four nights of poor sleep can make you put on weight, a new study has revealed. Sleep disruption has been known to be have harmful effects on metabolism for some time.

Here’s What Getting Less Than 7 Hours of Sleep a Night Can Do to You

We’re not getting enough sleep — and that’s having a significant impact on our day-to-day and long-term health.